Thanks to the Internet of Things (IoT), buildings can become ‘smart’ – with sensors and software monitoring different variables such as temperature and lighting, and making adjustments to ensure optimal comfort and energy efficiency.
If you’re looking to introduce smart building technology, where do you start?
A recent blog for IoT For All gives a rundown of five technologies that are gaining traction among office building owners and managers:
- Real-time energy monitoring: IoT smart sensors measure the power consumption of a building to show how and where energy is used (and wasted). Real-time monitoring can also help to cut energy costs by highlighting equipment faults and inefficiencies.
- Automated demand response: Real-time energy monitoring and advanced analytics can enable a business to change its energy consumption automatically in response to fluctuating energy prices.
- Demand control ventilation: Air quality sensors measure and monitor the building temperature and levels of volatile organic compounds and CO2, with this data used to regulate outside air intake.
- Smart lighting: Lights embedded with sensors can detect occupancy, level of activity, temperature, humidity and other factors. As well as lowering energy costs by switching off unnecessary lighting, this provides a huge amount of data which can be used for future planning.
- Energy-as-a-service: The energy-as-a-service (EaaS) model enables building managers to determine how energy is generated and stored, including options such as distributed generation, where power is produced onsite (or nearby) using small-scale technologies like solar, IoT For All explains. Most contracts also provide a guarantee of energy savings.
According to the latest market study by Berg Insight, the installed base of sensors, actuators and other devices deployed as part of IoT-based automation in connected buildings was an estimated 151 million units worldwide at the end of 2018 and will grow at a compound annual rate of 33% to reach 483 million units in 2022.
To date, the most popular building automation solutions include access and security, fire and safety, HVAC systems and elevators and escalators management.